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Sunday, 17 December 2017
Yom Rishon, 29 Kislev 5778



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The Tabernacle as a Type

"A type may properly be defined as a person, institution, or event in the old dispensation which was designed to prefigure a corresponding person, institution, or event in the New."

The Tenach (Old Testament ) institutions and ceremonies were powerless to save the souls of men. They were devised as types of Messiah and the different phases of effectual salvation (Cf. Hebrews 7, 8, 9, 10). The Mishkan (Tabernacle)and later the Temple typified the places and the manner in which Yahveh met with His people and dealt with their sins. They were a type of the Incarnate Messiah and His ministry for men. The priesthood typified the one and only perfect priest, the Lord Yeshua ha Mashiach (Jesus Christ). The Offerings, Feasts, and Ceremonies all typified things having to do with redemption through the Messiah and the life of the redeemed. The Old Testa­ment people were a type of the New Testament people of faith. The places of the Old Covenant were typical of spiritual places or conditions. Even the land was a type of salvation to come through the Messiah. The following are some of the main types found in the Tabernacle.

The HIGH PRIEST was by divine appointment (Exodus 28:1; Heb. 5:4-6; 7:20-24). Only the High Priest could make atonement (Lev. 16:1­3; Heb. 7:27; 6:20; 8:3; 9:7, 12, 24-28; 10:12; 13:20; 2:9; 1 Cor. 6:20; 1 Pet. 1:18-19; Ex. 28, 29; Lev. 8; Num. 3, 8; cf. Heb. 5, 7, 9). Yeshua (Jesus) was the Great High Priest offering up Himself as the perfect sacrifice for our sin debt.

The key to the TABERNACLE is Messiah (Exodus 25-27). It sym­bolized the dwelling place of God in the midst of His people. As a type of Messiah, it symbolized the meeting between God and man (Heb. 9:21-24; 2 Cor. 5:19; Col. 2:9; Heb. 10:5; Rev. 21:3; Jn. 1:14 2:13-22). The tabernacle is a symbol, picture and prophecy of the man in whom God should become incarnate. It is also a symbol of the Body of Messiah, the Church (Col. 1:26-27; 1 Cor. 12:13; Rom. 12:5; Eph. 2:21, 22).

The GOAT HAIR TENT COVER (Exodus 26:7ff) completely covered the Taber­nacle. It is a symbol of the complete way in which the sacrifi­cial death of Jesus covers the Body of Messiah. Because of the death of Messiah, and our acceptance of it, God cannot see our sins (Lev. 9:15; Num. 28:22; Isa. 53:10; Heb. 9:10, 14, 26, 28; Eph. 5:2; 2 Cor. 5:21; 1 Jn. 1:9; Ps. 32:1).

Two COVERINGS OF THE TABERNACLE consisted of (1) ram's skins dyed red, and (2) a covering of porpoise or badger which was dull bluish, or gray in color and had no comeliness or beauty. It was nothing to be desired and was despised and rejected for coverings by men. It is a picture of Messiah to all who do not come by way of the Cross (Isa. 53:2, 3).

The GATE to the Tabernacle was the only entrance. It was accessible, attractive and well supported. Messiah is the only gate into the presence of God (John 10:7, 9; 14:6; Eph. 2:13; 1 Cor. 2:2; Heb. 10:19-20).

The BRAZEN ALTAR (Exodus 27:1-8) is a type of Messiah our sacrifice (Jn. 1:29). The sacrifice stands at the entrance of man's approach to God. Man has no access to God except as a sinner atoned for by blood. All who pass through the door must pass by the bloodstained altar or not at all. The Mizbeach - "slaughter place," just within the gate was easily accessible, unavoidable and unmistakable.

LAVER OF BRONZE (Exodus 30:17-21) symbolizes Messiah our cleanser which cleanses from defilement (Eph. 5:25-26; Jn. 17:17). It denotes spiritual renewal. We have daily cleansing from defilements of life, and it is accessible only through our Priest. We are continually cleansed by Messiah through the Spirit and the Word (Jn. 15:3; 1 Jn. 1:6-9).

See our insights on the Bronze Laver

The MENORAH or LAMP STAND OF PURE GOLD symbolizes the presence of Yahveh as the source of life’s entertainment, and God's leadership. Messiah is our Light (Jn. 8:12), and denotes spiritual illumination (Exo. 30:7-8; 27:20; Phil. 2:15-16; Prov. 4:18; 2 Cor. 4:6; Eph. 1:18; 5:13; Matt. 5:14-16). The Holy Spirit gives illumination to the believer.

See our insights on the Menorah

BREAD OF THE PRESENCE lit. "face-bread," symbolizes the presence of the LORD as food of life. Yeshua (Jesus)  is the "Bread of Life" for every believer (Jn. 6:35). He is our spiritual sustenance.

See our insights on the table of Showbread

ALTAR OF INCENSE (Exodus 30:1-10) was a perpetual adoration of the LORD. Messiah Yeshua is our intercessor who is always making intercession for us (Jn. 17; Heb. 7:25; Rev. 8:3-5). It also symbolizes the wor­ship of the believer (Jn. 4:21, 23); and prayer of the saints (Rev. 8:3, 4; Ps. 141:2; 1 Tim. 2:1-5).

See our insights on the Altar of Incense

The ARK OF THE COVENANT (Exodus 25:10-16) contained the Law, manna and Aaron's budded rod. Messiah had the Law in His heart and came to fulfill it (Matt. 5:17, 18). It is another symbol of God being with His people. Just as the Ark of the Covenant contained God's testimony to Israel, Messiah is God's testimony of man.

The MERCY SEAT was the gold lid or cover on top of the ARK of COVENANT (Exodus 25:17-21; Lev. 16:13-16). The Mercy Seat is the cover, the covering or removal of sin by means of expiatory sacrifice. It is the Old Testament throne of grace. Justice and mercy met there, and the blood of the innocent sacrifice cleanses away all sin. Messiah is that covering for sin (Heb. 9:5; Rom. 3:25; 1 Jn. 2:2). He is the Mercy Seat.

See our insights on the Ark of the Covenant

HOLY PLACE was the first room the priest entered and contained three pieces of furniture: Table of Presence, Menorah or Golden Lampstand, and Altar of Incense.

The VEIL in the Temple (Exodus 26:31-35) separated the Holy of Holies, or Most Holy Place, and the Holy Place. It is a type of Christ's body (Heb. 10:20; Matt. 27:51). The door into God's presence was opened to man when Christ died and rent the veil (Jn. 10:9). The unrent veil shut man out from the typical presence of God. The rent veil changed at once from a barrier to an open way into the Holy of Holies (Heb. 9:20, 26; 10:10, 12, 14; Eph. 2:4-6; Heb. 4:15, 15).

HOLY OF HOLIES was entered only one day of the year on Yom Kip­pur, the Day of Atonement. It represented God's dwelling place (Heb. 9:24). It symbolized the human body of Jesus (Jn. 2:19-­21), and the body of believers (1 Cor. 3:16-17; 6:19). In 2 Corinthians 6:16 it symbolizes the local church, and Ephesians 2:21 the universal church consisting of all believers in Christ.