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Sunday, 17 December 2017
Yom Rishon, 29 Kislev 5778



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Yeshua (Jesus) our High Priest

Researched by M. Mader

More detailed commentary on Hebrews 5

Hebrews 6:20 thu 7:28

Reading: Hebrews 5

Israel (Jacob) had 12 sons and each became the progenitor of one of the 12 tribes of Israel. The descendants of Levi, Jacob's third son, were selected by the Almighty for duties relating to the Tabernacle when the rest of Israel went astray (Exodus 32); and from this tribe of Levi, Yahweh chose the sons of Aaron to be His priests. This meant that in the Aaronic Priesthood one became a priest not by personal preference or human ordination, but by Yahweh's appointment; for He alone can decide into which family a person is born. In view of this fact it behoves all Christians to study the Aaronic Priesthood.

A Priest's Ordination/Consecration

When they came of age, priests in the Aaronic Priesthood were ordained by the Holy Spirit of the Most High, symbolized by the anointing oil poured on their heads.

Exodus 30:30

And thou shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may minister unto me in the priest's office.

Yahweh designed Israel to be a theocracy, a nation governed by Himself through His priests, prophets and divinely appointed governors. The Aaronic Priesthood was responsible for carrying out the following duties: education, blessing, sacrifice and judgment.

Spiritual Education

Malachi 2:4

And ye shall know that I have sent this commandment unto you, that my covenant might be with Levi, saith the LORD of hosts
5: My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him for the fear wherewith he feared me, and was afraid before my name…For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth: for he is the messenger of the LORD of hosts.


For Ezra (the priest) had prepared his heart to seek the law of the LORD, and to do it, and to teach in Israel statutes and judgments.

Prayer & Blessing

Numbers 6:22

And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
23: Speak unto Aaron and unto his sons, saying, On this wise ye shall bless the children of Israel, saying unto them,
24: The LORD bless thee, and keep thee:
25: The LORD make his face shine upon thee, and be gracious unto thee:
26: The LORD lift up his countenance upon thee, and give thee peace.
27: And they shall put my name upon the children of Israel; and I will bless them.


Then the priests the Levites arose and blessed the people: and their voice was heard, and their prayer came up to his holy dwelling place, even unto heaven.

The Israelites were NOT allowed to offer sacrifices in places of their own choice. They were commanded by Jehovah to bring their sacrifices to the door of the Tabernacle (and later the Temple) where ordained priests officiated and explained the spiritual lessons concerning sin, sacrifice and forgiveness.

Leviticus 17 1

And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
2: Speak unto Aaron, and unto his sons, and unto all the children of Israel, and say unto them; This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded, saying,
3: What man soever there be of the house of Israel, that killeth an ox, or lamb, or goat, in the camp, or that killeth it out of the camp,
4: And bringeth it not unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, to offer an offering unto the LORD before the tabernacle of the LORD; blood shall be imputed unto that man; he hath shed blood; and that man shall be cut off from among his people:

5: To the end that the children of Israel may bring their sacrifices, which they offer in the open field, even that they may bring them unto the LORD, unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, unto the priest, and offer them for peace offerings unto the LORD.

6: And the priest shall sprinkle the blood upon the altar of the LORD at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and burn the fat for a sweet savour unto the LORD.
7: And they shall no more offer their sacrifices unto devils, after whom they have gone a whoring. This shall be a statute for ever unto them throughout their generations.

In view of the fact that the Aaronic priests knew God's law, they were best able to officiate as judges and to specify the divinely ordained penalties for various sins and breaches of the law.


And thou shalt come unto the priests the Levites, and unto the judge that shall be in those days, and enquire; and they shall shew thee the sentence of judgment…
10: And thou shalt do according to the sentence, which they of that place which the LORD shall choose shall shew thee; and thou shalt observe to do according to all that they inform thee:

11:According to the sentence of the law which they shall teach thee, and according to the judgment which they shall tell thee, thou shalt do…

Needless to say, in view of these, and other, sacred duties all priests were to be men of good character with holiness being their first priority. The word 'holy' means set apart for sacred use, something dedicated to Yahweh and His work. Holiness is often confused with meekness, kindness or a sacred bearing. Holiness doubtless encompass these things, but is much more. Holiness is spiritual purity, dedication, total commitment and a setting apart for Yahweh, His Son and His cause. Persons, days, buildings or articles become holy when set apart for sacred use and when the Spirit of the Most High is overwhelmingly present in them.

To understand anything about the Melchisedec Priesthood we must study the Aaronic Priesthood: which was simply a shadow, type, model or blueprint of the Priesthood of Melchisedec. The Melchisedec Priesthood is eternal: so it behoves all believers in Yahweh the Almighty God of Israel to study it. A priesthood obviously consists of many priests: a High Priest and under priests. It is not possible to have a priesthood with only one priest. The very fact that their is mention of a high priest means that there are subordinate priests. There are many priests in the Melchisedec Priesthood, just as there were many priests in the Aaronic Priesthood. Who are these priests? Are they with us today? Can we recognize them? We are about to discover how to identify them.

To begin with let us consider Yeshua the Messiah, the High Priest of the Melchisedec Order. The Saviour was ordained by His Father: he became a priest not by his own choice, but by Yahweh's choice, by birth, for he is the only begotten Son of God. Proof of this is found in the following verses.

Hebrews 3:1

Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus.

Hebrews 5: 1

For every high priest taken from among men is ordained for men in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins:
2: Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity.
3: And by reason hereof he ought, as for the people, so also for himself, to offer for sins.

4: And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of God, as was Aaron.
5: So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee.
6: As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.

Hebrews 7:17

For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.

Hebrews 7:21

(For those priests were made without an oath; but this with an oath by him that said unto him, The Lord sware and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec:)

Yes, there is no doubt whatsoever but that Yeshua the Messiah (Jesus Christ) is the High Priest of the Melchisedec Priesthood. He alone met every priestly requirement concerning purity and holiness. His life was a perfect example of how the Most High wanted all His priests to be. As the High Priest of the Melchisedec Priesthood, he is the One authorized to present a believer's case before his Father's throne. Concerning our Saviour's character and other qualifications I will remind you of his great love for humanity, his absolute holiness, his tender mercy towards repentant sinners, his amazing patience with us believers and how he faithfully carried out - and is still carrying out - his duties as the High Priest of the Melchisedec Order. It is impossible for me to adequately describe the Saviour's holy character and work. Nevertheless I am eternally grateful to him for his mercy - towards Max W. Mader in particular. Never a day passes but I wonder at how much he has done for me! Here are a few texts which tell of what the Scriptures say of him?

Yeshua is the Sinless One
Peter wrote: Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth: (1Peter:2:22)

Pilate said: 'I find no fault in him.'
Standing at the foot of the cross on Mount Calvary was a Roman soldier. Note his testimony.
Mark 15:39 And when the centurion, which stood over against him, saw that he so cried out, and gave up the ghost, he said, Truly this man was the Son of God.'

The Saviour's high standard of holiness was symbolized in the High Priest's apparel and crown. See Exodus chapter 28 which gives details of the High Priest's garments, picturing holiness and beauty.

Exodus 28:36

And thou shalt make a plate of pure gold, and grave upon it, like the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD.

Yeshua the Teacher
The Saviour was the best teacher this old world has ever seen. His subject matter, method of instruction and the authority with which he taught are faultless and are spoken of to this day.

Mark 6:2

And when the sabbath day was come, he began to teach in the synagogue: and many hearing him were astonished, saying, From whence hath this man these things? and what wisdom is this which is given unto him, that even such mighty works are wrought by his hands?

Matthew 7:29

For he taught them as one having authority…

John 7:45

Then came the officers to the chief priests and Pharisees; and they said unto them, Why have ye not brought him?
46: The officers answered, Never man spake like this man.

Yeshua the Intercessor
The Saviour spent much time in secret prayer. Many a night or early morning would see him in a solitary place conversing with his heavenly Father.

Mark 1:35

And in the morning, rising up a great while before day, he went out, and departed into a solitary place, and there prayed.

Luke 5:16

And he withdrew himself into the wilderness, and prayed.

John 17:9

I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which thou hast given me; for they are thine.

Yeshua's Sacrifice
Just as Aaron the high priest of the Levitical Priesthood offered the atoning sacrifice for all Israel, Yeshua the High Priest of the Melchisedec Priesthood offered a sacrifice for all the world: but in his case it was the sacrifice of his own life! It is vitally important to bear in mind that though the Saviour died for all mankind, as far as you are concerned he died for your sins: and as far as I am concerned he died for mine. It is not enough to acknowledge that he died for the sins of the world (which of course he did). To be certain of salvation one must believe and accept that Yeshua died for MY sin. He is firstly MY Saviour and now I am his. Without a personal commitment, salvation is not possible.

John 1:29

The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.

John 3:15

That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.
16: For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
17: For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved.
18: He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.

Galations 1:4

Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father:

Timothy 2:14

Who gave himself for US, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

Hebrews 10:9

Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second.
10: By the which will WE are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

11: And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:
12: But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God.

The Judge
Believe it or not, the Almighty has ordained His Son as the judge on the final Judgment Day. Today the Saviour is willing to be your advocate; but on the great Day of Judgment he will be your judge.

Acts 17:30

And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent:
31: Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he hath ordained…


  1. One became a priest in the Aaronic Priesthood by reason of birth. It was not a matter of personal preference or ability: it was a matter of divine will.
  2. After ordination priests were directed to perform certain duties. They were to:
    • Teach Israel Yahweh's laws
    • Officiate at the Temple sacrifices.
    • Bless Israel in Yahweh's name.
    • Judge the nation.
  3. In view of these responsibilities, priests were expected to have very high moral standards.
  4. The Aaronic Priesthood was a shadow or blueprint of the Melchisedec Priesthood; a divinely ordained priesthood which is eternal.
  5. Yeshua the Messiah (Jesus Christ) is the High Priest in the Melchisedec Priesthood. He was chosen of God for this post.
    • He is absolutely sinless,
    • The finest Teacher this world has ever seen.
    • He makes intercession for his people in the courts above.
    • He sacrificed his life for the sins of the world. But this will avail you (and me) nothing if we do not personally accept him as Saviour.
    • On the great Day of Judgment Yeshua will officiate as the Judge of all who have ever lived.
  6. The church is a body of kings and priests: but, as in ancient Israel, not all believers are kings or priests. All believers are given one or more spiritual gifts depending on Yahweh's will. To determine which position in the church one has been appointed to, a believer should watch for the buds, blossoms and fruit of his/her work. In other words, for success in that particular spiritual activity.